This is surgical procedure tightens the anterior vaginal wall to repair a cystocele (the sinking of the bladder into the vagina) or urethrocele (the sinking of the urethra into the vagina). A rectocele (the bulging of the rectum into the vagina) is repaired by tightening the posterior vaginal wall.
To perform the anterior vaginal repair, your surgeon will make an incision through the vagina to release a portion of the anterior (front) vaginal wall that is attached to the base of the bladder.
The supportive tissue between the vagina and bladder is folded and stitched to bring the bladder and urethra in proper position. There are several variations on this procedure that may be necessary, based on the severity of the prolapse (bulging or sinking).
This procedure may be performed using general or spinal anesthesia. You may have a foley catheter in place for 1 to 2 days after surgery. You will be given a liquid diet immediately after surgery, followed by a regular diet when your normal bowel function has returned. Stool softeners and laxatives may be prescribed to prevent straining with bowel movements, since this can cause stress on the incision.
A similar procedure can be performed on the posterior (back) wall of the vagina to repair a rectocele.